Tuesday, December 16, 2008

CESSNA “CITATION”


1971– Present



cessna
Citation I

cessna
Citation CJ1

cessna
Citation CJ2
STANDARD DATA: (Citation I) Seats 5-7. Gross wt. 11,850. Empty wt. 6,631. Fuel capacity 564. Engines two 2,200-lb. Pratt & Whitney JT15D-1AB turbofans.
PERFORMANCE: Max cruise 357 kts. Stall mph 98. Initial climb rate 2,220. Range 1,328 nm. Ceiling 38,400'. Takeoff distance (50') 3,275. Landing distance (50') 2,300.
STANDARD DATA: (CJ1/CJ2+) Seats 4-6. Gross wt. 10,400/12,300. Empty wt. 6,160. Engines two 1,900/2,300-lb. Williams Rolls-Royce FJ44-1A/FJ44-2C tur-bofans.
PERFORMANCE: Max cruise 380/412 kts. Initial climb rate 3,311 fpm. Stall speed 86 kts. Range 1,250-1,580 nm. Ceiling 41,000/45,000'.
STANDARD DATA: (CJ3) Seats 6. Gross wt. 13,870. Empty wt. 8,160. Engines two 2,780-lb. Williams Rolls-Royce FJ44-3A turbofans. PERFORMANCE: Max cruise 417 kts. Stall speed 86 kts. Range 1,875 nm. Ceiling 45,000'.
cessna
Citation CJ3
cessna
Citation Bravo
cessna
Citation Encore
STANDARD DATA: (CJ3) Seats 6. Gross wt. 13,870. Empty wt. 8,160. Engines two 2,780-lb. Williams Rolls-Royce FJ44-3A turbofans. PERFORMANCE: Max cruise 417 kts. Stall speed 86 kts. Range 1,875 nm. Ceiling 45,000'. STANDARD DATA: (Bravo) Seats 7-10. Gross wt. 14,800. Empty wt. 8,750. Engines two 2,885-lb. Pratt & Whitney PW503A turbofans.
PERFORMANCE: Max cruise 401 kts. Initial climb rate 3,195 fpm. Range 1,739-1,900 nm. Ceiling 45,000.
STANDARD DATA: (Encore) Seats 7-8. Gross wt. 16,630. Empty wt. 9,977. Engines two 3,360-lb. Pratt & Whitney PW535 A turbofans.
PERFORMANCE: Max cruise 431 kts. Initial climb rate 4,100 fpm. Range 1,700-1,960 nm. Ceiling 45,000.



cessna
Citation XLS
cessna
Citation Sovereign
cessna
Citation X
STANDARD DATA: (XLS) Seats 6-10. Gross wt. 20,200. Empty wt. 11,910. Engines two 3,804-lb. Pratt & Whitney PW545 A turbofans.
ERFORMANCE: Max cruise 429 kts. Initial climb rate 4,100 fpm. Range 1,700-2,080 nm. Ceiling 45,000.
STANDARD DATA: (Sovereign) Seats 6-12. Gross wt. 30,000. Engines two 5,690-lb. Pratt & Whitney PW 306C turbofans.
PERFORMANCE: Max cruise 444 kts. Initial climb rate 4,100 fpm. Range 1,750-2,820 nm. Ceiling 47,000.
STANDARD DATA: (X) Seats 6-12. Gross wt. 36,100. Empty wt. 21,400. Engines two 6,764-lb. Rolls-Royce AE 3007C1 turbofans.
PERFORMANCE: Max cruise Mach 0.92. Initial climb rate 4,000 fpm. Range 3,390 nm. Ceiling 51,000. Takeoff distance 5,140'. Landing distance 3,400'.

Cessna had experience with military-jet building under contracts for the T-37 (Tweet) jet trainer, but the Cessna Fanjet 500, later renamed the Citation 500, marked the first attempt any general aviation manufacturer had made into the pure jet market. Deliveries of the Citation began in late 1971, and it soon became the best-selling business jet in the world. The Cessna Citation provided the starting point for world’s largest family of personal/corporate jets. By 1976 the Citation 500 was ready to mature, and Cessna added JT15D-1A engines, thrust reversers, and a slightly increased wingspan. The new model became the Citation I. The straight wing jets could get in and out or runways typically used by singles and light twins. The safety and simplicity of the Citation’s systems help make the airplane remarkably easy to fly and led to its universal acceptance. More important, the Citation could be flown by a single pilot. The current model CessnaJet (CJ) is the legacy of the first Citations. The remarkable success of the Citation led Cessna to look at building larger and faster versions. First out of the chute was the Citation II in 1978, nearly 4 feet longer, faster and higher flying. The Citation II has now become Cessna Bravo.

The largest of the Cessna straight-wing jets was the Citation V (model 560), certified in 1988. Production ended in 1994 as the model morphed once again into the Citation Excel (XLS). The Citation III (model 650) was Cessna’s transition from the small to medium-sized jets and received certification in April of 1982. The all-new jet had swept wings and Garrett TFE731 engines, which allowed the 650 to set time-to-climb records, performance not immediately associated with the original Citations. A model IV Citation was contemplated but shelved to make room for the Citations VI and VII. Ultimately the 600 series Citations translated to the Model 680 Sovereign. Still producing an entry-level jet, the CJ1, and the progressively larger and more powerful 2 and 3 models, have proven even more successful than the original Citation. All CJs are powered by Williams Rolls-Royce engines. At the other end of the spectrum is the Citation X (Model 750), the fastest civil airplane in service with the retirement of the Concorde. The 750 can fly from LA to New York in just over four hours. And just as remarkable, the Citation X cruises alone at 51,000' where conflicts with other air traffic are improbable.



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