First flying car patent issued: 1918, Felix Longobardi, never developed
First flying car built: Curtiss Autoplane, 1917
Designer: Glenn Curtiss
Patent issued: 1919
Debut: Pan-American Aeronautic Exposition, NYC, February 1917
Flight: Reported to have made a few straight-ahead hops
Style: Aluminum automobile body with detachable wings and tail
Engine: 100 hp Curtiss OXX (water-cooled V8)
Propeller: 4-blade, rear-mounted
Dimensions (flight mode): 27 ft. x 40 ft. 6 in. x 10 ft.
Useful load: 710 lbs.
Reason development stopped: WWI
Only CAA (now FAA) certified flying cars: Fulton Airphibian, Taylor Aerocar
Most built: Taylor Aerocar; 6 built
Designer: Moulton Taylor
Models: 3 (Specs for Aerocar I)
First flight: December 1949
Style: Fiberglass skin, wings manually fold back along tail to form towable trailer, detachable prop
Engine: 143 hp Lycoming O-320 (4-cylinder)
Max speed road/air: 67 mph/110 mph
Time to change from plane to car: Advertised as under 5 minutes
Service ceiling: 12,000 ft.
Climb Rate: 550 fpm
Take-off/landing run: 650 ft. (50 ft. obstacle–1,225 ft.)/300 ft.
Dimensions (flight mode): 21 ft. 6 in. x 34 ft. x 7 ft. 6 in.
Commercial work: N103D; Used for traffic reporting, KISN Radio, Portland, Oregon, 1961-1963
Useful load: 600 lbs.
Car empty weight: 1,100 lbs.
Trailer weight: 400 lbs.
Max gross weight: 2,100 lbs.
Fuel burn road/aerial cruise: 18 mpg/8 gph
Range road/air: 400 miles/300 miles
Model price: $25,000
Reason it didn’t go to production: Couldn’t get 500 firm orders
Deposit for order: $1,000
Number of orders received: 278
Planned production price: $8,500
Asking price of most recently listed models: N103D, $2.2 million; N101D, $1.25 million (neither sold)
Insurance needed: Separate auto and aircraft policies
Military Development: DARPA Transformer TX
Program started: 2009
Design: Lockheed Martin/AAI
Estimated cost of Transformer program: $65 million
Reason TX didn’t go to production: Lack of interest, Transformer program shifted to developing ARES unmanned transports
Some flying car prototypes currently flying: Terrafugia Transition, Aeromobil 3.0, PAL-V Liberty
Closest to FAA certification (probably): Terrafugia Transition
First flight: March 5, 2009
Style: Carbon-fiber skin, mechanically folding wing, rear-facing propeller
Estimated price: $300,000