Monday, June 1, 2009

NAKAJIMA “OSCAR”


1937–43



STANDARD DATA: Seats 1. Gross wt. 5,500. Empty wt. 1,150-hp Nakajima Type 2. PERFORMANCE: Top mph 333. Cruise mph 265. Range 1,000.

The Japanese Army designation for this single-seat fighter was Type I fighter, Model 2; the popular name was “Haya-busa” meaning peregrine falcon, and the Americans call it “Oscar.” Its wings taper in chord and thickness, and the landing gear retracted inward into recesses in the underside of the wings. The powerplant was one 1,150-hp Nakajima Type 214-cylinder twinrow radial engine. It was fitted with a two-speed supercharger and turned a three-blade constant-speed propeller. The fuel tanks were in the wings, protected by self-sealing rubber. Standard armament was two 12.7mm machine guns in the fuselage that were synchronized to fire through the prop. The pilot sat under a sliding “bubble” canopy and was protected by armor to the rear.



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